Natural environment of Malta

Regional location

Malta is located in southern Europe, adjacent to Italy, 90 km south of Sicily, 284 km east of Tunisia and 333 km north of Libya. It is an important transfer station between Europe and Africa. In terms of military strategy, Malta, as a naval base, has become an indisputable place for strategists, known as the “heart of the Mediterranean”. Malta is also a world-famous tourist resort, known as the “European back garden”. In 1942, Malta was awarded the George Cross by King George VI of the United Kingdom for the bravery of the whole country in the Second World War. The design of the George Cross was also painted on the Maltese flag.

Malta has a total area of 316 square kilometers, equivalent to 18 Macao size. The official languages of Malta are Maltese and English.

Malta is composed of five small islands: Malta Island, Gozo Island, Comino Island, cominoto island and fairyla Island, with a coastline of more than 190 km [3] [4] among them, Malta island is the largest with an area of 245.73 square kilometers, which is a natural harbor; Gozo island is the second largest with an area of 67.08 square kilometers [1]

Topographic features

Malta island is high in the West and low in the East, with rolling hills and small basins [5]

Climatic characteristics

Malta has a subtropical Mediterranean climate, rainy in winter and dry in summer.

The average temperature is 25 ℃ in summer and 15 ℃ in winter. The annual average temperature is 21.3 ℃, the maximum temperature is 40 ℃, and the minimum temperature is 5 ℃. The annual average precipitation is 560mm.

From November to march of the following year, the winter rainy season in Malta [4]

Time difference

Malta belongs to the East 1 time zone. There is a difference of 6 hours between daylight saving time (April to October) and Beijing time, and 7 hours for the rest.

Natural resources

Except for limestone for construction, there is no mineral resources, and oil and natural gas are completely dependent on import. Solar and wind energy resources are abundant, but the development is insufficient, and the utilization rate of alternative energy is only 0.36%. Fresh water resources are scarce, 55% of domestic water depends on desalination.

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