It regulates and resolves special issues related to maritime navigation and commerce in relation to and arising from the practice of the Maritime Court (a court that exercises jurisdiction over all contracts, violations, crimes or injuries in maritime law).
The sailor’s life is far from the stability of the land and has long been considered one of the exotic, romantic and dangerous exotics. The stories of pirates, renegade, lashing and rushing trials truly illustrate the unique, isolated nature of maritime survival. In modern times, the practice of maritime transport has become more folklore, but the law still recognizes the unique conflicts and difficulties involved in maritime sea navigation and commerce, and still gives special treatment to maritime activities.
The roots of the maritime law can be traced back to 900 BC, when it was believed that Rhodia’s customary law was enacted by Rhode Islanders. The only remaining concept in Rhodia’s law is the abandonment law, which states that if the goods must be thrown outboard (armored son) for the purpose of ship safety or the safety of others’ property, the owner of the goods is entitled to compensation. . The beneficiary from the abandoner.
The regulations established by medieval port cities and states have constituted the current US Maritime Law. The 11th-century Amalfitan Code of the Mediterranean countries; the 14th-century Consolato del Mare of France, Spain and Italy; the 12th-century Oleron volume from England; and the 13th century law of Visby They draw on the habits of sailors and merchants and create a unique sea facts that still exist today. There were procedural differences between maritime and other civil proceedings until 1966, when the US Supreme Court approved amendments to the Federal Civil Procedure Rules to align the rules of the Department of Naval and Maritime Procedures with those used in other civil proceedings. . However, the physical maritime law remains intact.
The essence of maritime law takes into account the dangerous conditions and unique conflicts involved in navigation and water trade. Sailors are particularly vulnerable to injury and illness due to various conditions, such as dramatic changes in climate, ongoing dangers, hard work and loneliness. According to the Shipowners’ Liability Convention (54 Stat. 1693 ), shipowners may be responsible for the maintenance and healing of sailors who are injured on board and sailors who occur on land. The court interprets the accident that occurred during the vacation as the responsibility of the shipowner because the sailor needs to make a land visit to endure long-term water transport.