The landlord Leasing Act covers every law and right that every landlord and every tenant has in their particular state. Both parties need to know the basic knowledge of rental housing, how to collect or pay the deposit, the basic knowledge of fair housing law, etc.
From the landlord’s perspective, you may need to help develop a tax cut or determine how to evict non paying tenants. On the other hand, the lessee may need help to understand its right to the safety of the lessee, the return of the deposit and whether it can sublease. This section provides information and resources for both parties involved in the landlord tenant relationship.
The basic legal parameters of the relationship between the landlord and the tenant are outlined in the lease agreement, which protects the interests of both parties. Most states also recognize lease agreements entered into orally, but for a period of no more than one year. The provisions in a typical lease agreement include the following:
Names of the two parties involved (tenant and landlord)
Address and description of the lessor
Amount and date of rent that must be paid each month
amount of deposit
Whether pets are allowed
However, some lease terms are illegal. In case of doubt, you should check the specific laws of each state, but generally the landlord may not include any of the following:
Discriminatory exclusion of tenants (gender, religion, race, etc.)
Waiver of right to sue landlord
Waiver of the right to a refund of the deposit (less maintenance and cleaning costs)
Short term lease agreements are commonly referred to as lease agreements and are generally applicable to 30 day similar short-term leases. Lease agreements usually last one year or more.
Most landlords require a deposit before they move in, as most state laws require. For example, California law limits the deposit to two months’ rent (three months if provided). But Alabama law, by contrast, has no limits. The deposit is different from the rent paid last month and must be paid in full, less any maintenance or cleaning costs. If a deposit is to be paid, consideration should be given to signing a statement with the landlord outlining the exact conditions of the apartment in order to resolve the dispute when the lease expires.
Many state laws also stipulate how long (usually about 30 days) the landlord must return the tenant’s deposit after moving out. In addition to cleaning and repairing, the landlord can deduct any unpaid rent from the deposit. However, the landlord may not deduct normal losses. Many states require landlords to provide a detailed list of damage and repairs, as well as a list of repair or cleaning costs.
Tenants have certain rights, including the right not to be discriminated against and disabled by race, colour, religion, nationality, gender, age, family status (although waived by some retirement communities). Some states also provide anti discrimination protection based on LGBT status and marital status.
Moreover, if you have an auxiliary animal such as a guide dog, the landlord may not refuse to let it to you just because there is no pet policy. Other rights include the right to have a habitable house, the right to lead-free poisoned house and a certain degree of privacy. For example, the landlord may not enter your home without notice.
Landlords also have certain rights, mainly related to the protection of their income investments. For example, the landlord may be required to pay the rent on a monthly basis as well as other items specified in the lease agreement (such as utilities). Landlords also have the right to evict tenants, but this must be for a reason (for example, not paying rent).