Puerto Rican law

Puerto Rico is the only property in the United States that has its legal system operating primarily in languages ​​other than American English (ie Spanish). However, since the US federal government primarily operates in English, the result is that all Puerto Rican lawyers must be bilingual in order to file a lawsuit in English in the United States. Federal courts also filed suit against federal priority issues in Puerto Rican courts.
Puerto Rico had about a million inhabitants when it became part of the United States. Before the US government finally gave up in the 1940s, they stubbornly resisted conversion in English. In contrast, after the Mexican-American war, Spanish-speaking settlers in vast territories acquired from Mexico were quickly overwhelmed by English-speaking American settlers, which is why the state governments that emerged in these territories today are Mainly in English.
Article 48 of the United States Code outlines the role of the United States Code in United States territory and island areas such as Puerto Rico.
Many of Puerto Rico’s laws (Leyes de Puerto Rico) are modeled on the Spanish Civil Code, which is part of Spanish law. 1 After the US government took control of Puerto Rico in 1901, it carried out legal reforms and finally passed the code to imitate the criminal law, criminal procedure and civil procedure that took effect in California at the time. Although Puerto Rico has followed the example of the federal transition of criminal and civil proceedings from statutory law to rules promulgated by the judiciary, certain parts of its criminal law still reflect the influence of the California Criminal Code.
The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico, the only court of appeal required by the Constitution. All other courts are established by the Puerto Rican Legislative Assembly.
Since Puerto Rico is under US sovereignty, there is also a federal district court on the island.

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