On the 11th, a high-level seminar on the use of rail transport orders and the future legal framework in international trade co-sponsored by the Ministry of Commerce of China and the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law was held in Chongqing Antiques. At the two-day seminar, domestic and foreign experts will focus on the new requirements of railway waybill functions in international trade practices, innovative approaches to solving the issue of railway waybill property certificates, difficult obstacles, and future international rule construction and specific solutions. discuss.
In July 2019, the 52nd Session of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law adopted the “Proposal on Resolving Relevant Issues Caused by Railway Waybills Without the Property Certificates” submitted by the Chinese Government. The proposal aims to improve the relevant international rules, solve the issue of railway consignment bills of rights, reduce transaction costs, reduce transaction risks, and provide more powerful rule guarantees for promoting the smooth flow of trade between countries and promoting the development of the “Belt and Road”.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, Anna Jobin Blatter, said that “at present we have supplemented the working bill to address issues related to the single use of rail transport, and have begun to draft relevant international rules and develop necessary legal supporting documents. “The seminar will discuss specific issues such as the use of rail waybills and how to establish an applicable legal framework.
“The capacity of railway and international railway corridors has been continuously enhanced. With its advantages in timeliness, price, capacity, and security, railway transportation has become an important breakthrough in the realization of interconnection and practical economic exchanges between countries and regions. A huge market development potential. “Li Chenggang, Assistant Minister of the Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China, said that while the rapid development of international railway transportation, the need for the practice of innovation and improvement of land trade rules has become more and more urgent. Relative to the further development of land trade in various countries. ”
Li Muyuan, executive vice-chairman and secretary-general of China Container Industry Association, said that the current development of international rail transport has promoted changes in international logistics channels. “As of October 2019, China-Europe trains have operated more than 20,000 trains, with 22 cities as normal banks and access to 56 cities in 17 countries. We predict that China-Europe trains will not fall by more than 35% in the future.” Li Muyuan said International railway transportation, represented by the China-Europe train, is receiving more and more attention globally. The issue of railway documents caused by changes in trade demand is universal.
Li Muyuan suggested that in the international railway transportation, a clear and perfect legal system should be established, a multilateral consensus should be formed, and the level of trade facilitation along the route should be improved, so as to promote the trade balance between the countries and regions along the China-Europe route.
In 2011, Chongqing was the first in China to launch the China-Europe Train Departure from Chongqing via Kazakhstan, Belarus, Russia, Poland, and Duisburg, Germany. In the 8 years since its establishment, the China-Europe Train (Chongqing) has operated more than 4,500 trains, accounting for 23% of China’s China-Europe Trains. The shipping containers have exceeded 350,000 TEUs, and the value of goods has exceeded 160 billion yuan. Strong, the largest value of the Central European train.
“Chongqing’s traditional maritime transportation. At present, international railway intermodal transportation has factors such as inefficient customs clearance between countries, high logistics costs, and lack of financing functions for transportation documents, which have affected the further development of land trade.” Chongqing Li Bo, deputy mayor of the People’s Government, said that in recent years, Chongqing plans to carry out a series of explorations: the creation of “railway freight”, the opening of the world’s first “railway freight international letter of credit”, and the realization of batch use; the promotion of “International Freight Agency” railway The formulation of the standards for the “Intermodal Operation Code” promoted the regional promotion of “railway contracts”; the courts of Chongqing Liangjiang New Area (Free Trade Zone) tried the country’s first suspected case of “railway freight” disputes according to law.