The Blackfeet Nation has entered into a ground-breaking agreement with neighboring Glacier County for fully reciprocal cross-deputization, a law enforcement pact that both parties called unprecedented. “This is truly a historic document,” Tribal Attorney Sandra Watts told the Blackfeet Business Council. “It goes beyond anything else in the nation. In the past, there have been one-way agreements, but nothing that’s truly reciprocal.”
The agreement formalizes a working agreement that’s been in effect for the past month, but it’s also limited to the next 60 days as a trial period. “When their deputies come onto our reservation, they become officers of the Tribe and they can enforce both the tribal and state laws,” Watts told the council. “And when our Tribal police officers are off the reservation in Glacier County, they can enforce state laws.”
Previously, county deputies had been issued commission cards from the Tribe allowing them to enforce state law on non-Indians living on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation, but those cards were revoked last year. That left deputies unable to arrest non-Natives living on the reservations who committed crimes or who had warrants against them in state courts. The major difference is that race is a factor on the reservation — Native Americans are issued warrants for Tribal Court, while non-Natives are issued warrants for magistrate court or district court . Off the reservations, all warrants are for magistrate or district court.