Historical evolution of Malta

In 5000 BC, large-scale human activities began in Malta. Malta giant

Stone temple is the first building built by splicing technology in the world, and also one of the remains of the largest stone age temple in Europe, which has a long history than the Egyptian pyramid.

Phoenicians settled here from the 10th century BC; in the 8th century BC, Malta was occupied by Greeks, and in the 4th century BC, by Carthage.

In 217 A.D., the Roman Empire incorporated Malta into its territory and brought unprecedented civilization and prosperity to Malta. The exquisite mosaic patterns, baths and marble colonnades left over at that time were the witness of its prosperity. It is said that Saint Paul, a missionary, was detained in Malta for three months due to a shipwreck in 60 A.D., which may be the beginning of his country’s acceptance of Christianity.

In the 4th and 5th century AD, the barbarians invaded Europe, and Malta fell into the hands of vandals and donggoths at one time. It was not until 533 ad that the Eastern Roman Empire regained control.

Since the 9th century, Malta has been ruled by the Byzantine Empire, the Arab Empire and the Normans.

In the 11th century, a group of mercenaries from Normandy came into southern Italy and tried to establish a new kingdom. Therefore, Maltese Arabs agreed to pay taxes to the mercenary leader, Roger de Hauteville. His son, Roger II, inherited his father’s will and brought Malta into the territory in 1127, which was the beginning of Maltese Catholicization again. Since Roger II established the Catholic autonomous region on the island, Malta’s fate has been combined with Sicily. In 1192, the Sicilian admiral Margarito was named the first Earl of Malta by King tank Reid because he captured Constance, the queen of the Holy Roman Empire, and so on.

In 1523, the order of St. John moved here from Rhode Island and was recognized by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. “The order of St. John” was renamed “the order of Malta”. During the siege of Malta in 1565, the Knights defeated the Ottoman army. This war was the most important event in the history of Malta, because it successfully prevented the expansion of the Ottoman Empire to Western Europe.

In 1798, Napoleon led the Toulon fleet in Egypt to land in Malta, which broke Malta’s principle of neutrality, and induced the commander to refuse his landing, so as to expel the order and occupy Malta.

In 1800, at the request of the Maltese people, Britain moved in after France.

In the Treaty of Paris of 1815, Malta was put under British ownership. From then on, Malta became a Mediterranean fortress between the British Empire and India.

In 1947, Britain allowed Malta to form an autonomous government, but it still retained its colonial status, but later abolished the autonomous government in 1958.

On September 21, 1964, Malta officially declared its independence and retained its status as a member of the Commonwealth.

In 1974, the Republic of Malta was officially established.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *