Culture and Art of Malta

Language

Maltese and English are the official languagesL

English is the main official language of Malta, and English is used in all official languages, documents and teaching.

Maltese belongs to the amphibole family of the afiro Asiatic family. More than 300000 people (about 1 million Maltese people around the world) are used. There are also varying numbers of users among Maltese immigrants in Australia and North America.

Italian is also very popular in Malta. Many employees in supermarkets and retail stores speak Maltese, English and Italian. Walking on the street, you often see Italian speaking tourists communicating with local people.

Religion

Catholicism is the national religion of Malta, accounting for 98% of the total number of believers. A few believe in Protestantism and Orthodox Christianity.

Custom

When meeting with guests, they should shake hands with the introduced guests one by one and give their names; when meeting with relatives and friends, they are used to giving gifts.

Maltese food is mainly western food.

Maltese young people basically live with their parents before marriage and live separately after marriage, but the relationship between relatives is relatively close.

Festival

New year: January 1

Sao Paulo shipwreck Festival: February 10

St. Joseph’s Day: March 19

Freedom Day: March 31 (1979)

Independence Day 1919: June 7

St. Peter and St. Paul’s Day: 29 June

Shengtian Festival: August 15

Notre Dame Victoria: 8 September

National Day: September 21 (1964)

Holy Spirit day: December 8

Republic Day: December 13

Christmas: December 25

Transportation

There are no railways and inland waterways in the territory, and the traffic outside the island mainly depends on air and sea transportation.

The only airport is Luqa International Airport, which has many direct flights with major cities such as Europe, the United States and North Africa. Malta Airlines has 10 airliners, 9 Airbus A320s and 1 Airbus A319. It has direct flights with more than 50 cities in Europe, North Africa and the eastern Mediterranean, with more than 200 flights per week. In addition, AirAsia, Lufthansa, Air France, Alitalia, Ba, AirAsia and Ryanair, easyJet, etc. operate regular flights in Malaysia.

There are mainly two ports. The free port under French management is the third largest port on the Mediterranean coast,

With an annual throughput of more than 3 million 20 foot TEUs, it has cargo exchanges with 125 ports in the world and joint ventures with Singapore to manage large ports. With its neighbors Italy, Libya and other maritime passenger routes. About 2500 ships are registered in Malaysia, which is the eighth largest ship registration country in the world (2016).

The land area of Malaysia is small, and there are many mountains and hills. The domestic traffic mainly depends on the highway. The national highway is about 2200km, and there is no high-speed traffic system. There are about 370000 vehicles (2017) in China, including 280000 private vehicles. On average, two residents own more than one vehicle. The ownership rate of private vehicles ranks first in the world. The public transportation system is not very developed, mainly for students and tourists.

Art

The first immigrants on the island built the world’s oldest man-made independent structure, the gangtija. In 3800-2500 BC, stone age architects gave many relief designs to Malta island and Gozo Island, which can now be seen in temples or the National Archaeological Museum. These ancient buildings are built with huge stones, scattered in villages of hagachem, monadelia, har, savleni and tarshen on the island of Malta. Although most of them have collapsed in a long time, their basic structure is still relatively intact. These huge stone buildings are magnificent. Some of the limestone used is rough or smooth. Some of the walls of the building are decorated, and some of the fine sculptures of that year can be seen. Among these monuments, archaeologists found that there were dark recesses, which looked like shrines, and smooth stones that looked like altars. They speculated that they were some sacrificial buildings, so they called these buildings temples.

Located on the island of Malta, hagachem temple was also built with boulders, which was the best architectural technology at that time and one of the most complex monuments. Archaeologists found that the location of many stones here is carefully arranged, which seems to have an incomprehensible religious significance. One of the 660 meter long large stone slabs used as paving stones is the largest and most remarkable super huge stone in all temples in the Maltese Islands. In this huge stone temple, people can see that there are some “stone tables” made of huge stones on both sides of the door opening leading to the temple. Whether these “stone tables” are the altar or the plinth remains to be determined. In this temple, archaeologists also found several small stone statues of the Mother God, according to which some people estimated that the temple was related to the worship of the Mother God at that time.

The temple of munadelia overlooks the Mediterranean Sea. Its fan-shaped basic structure is completely preserved due to the cover of cliffs, which reduces the erosion of weathering. It shows the characteristics of Malta’s huge stone buildings very clearly. Built about 4500 years ago, the temple is also known as the “Temple of the sun”. After carefully measuring the temple, it was suggested that the temple was actually a “Sun clock” of ancient times. According to the position of the sun’s rays on the altar and stone pillars in the temple, it can accurately show the main seasons of the year, such as the summer solstice and winter solstice. Until now, these magical functions still exist. This led to new speculation: 4500 years ago, how could the temple builders have such a profound knowledge of astronomy and calendar to calculate the position of the sun’s light carefully?

Maltese architecture is influenced by Mediterranean culture and British culture.

Large scale renovation activities are being carried out in Malta. At present, several large-scale construction projects, such as smart city, m-towers and pendergardens, are under construction; old urban areas such as Valetta and tigne are also being renovated.

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